Center for Fundamental Rights

The party lists for the Budapest municipality elections

The nominating organizations can now put forward the respective party lists for the Budapest municipality elections through an easier process, taking into account that putting forward a party list for Budapest now depends only on the district mayor candidates, and the minimum number of recommendations necessary to become such mayor candidates has also been decreased. That is, prior to the latest changes to applicable electoral laws, the party lists for Budapest had been dependent on the district compensation lists and also on the respective individual candidates. Previously, it had been a prerequisite for a party for putting forward a list for Budapest to also have compensation lists in at least 12 metropolitan districts, while such party also had to have candidates in the majority of the constituencies pertaining to the respective districts in order to set up such district compensation lists. This ‘two-step mechanism’ has been changed to a ‘one-step mechanism’ through the introduction of the new system, further to which the registration of the altogether 12 district mayor candidates suffice for the relevant party [to put forward a party list for Budapest]. In the context of the recommendations, while it involves that the setup mechanism of these ‘new-type’ party lists for Budapest indeed differ from that of applying in the course of the previous system, the parties now simply have to collect the necessary number of recommendations required to have the relevant number of (district) mayor candidates. Further to that, such district mayor candidates automatically become candidates for the metropolitan general assembly as well. Moreover, the number of recommendations required to become a district mayor candidate has also been decreased. While this latter change can be expected to encourage democratic competition, the introduction of the system of ‘multiple recommendations’ in the context of the municipality elections cannot be considered effective  taking into account the relevant problems that arose in the course of the parliamentary elections. It shall be underlined, however, that the nominating organizations do not receive state subsidies for the campaign purposes of the municipality elections. That is, the system of multiple nominations can be capable to clarify whether the overwhelming amount of candidates at the April 6 elections was actually due to the system of ‘multiple recommendations’ or to the campaign financing regulations. 

The research paper in PDF.